Instillation of skin, nephrostomy tract, and renal puncture site with ropivacaine decreases pain and improves ventilatory function after percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

@article{Ura2007InstillationOS,
  title={Instillation of skin, nephrostomy tract, and renal puncture site with ropivacaine decreases pain and improves ventilatory function after percutaneous nephrolithotomy.},
  author={Murat Yahya Uğraş and Huseyin Ilksen Toprak and Hakan Gunen and Aytaç Y{\"u}cel and Ali Can Gunes},
  journal={Journal of endourology},
  year={2007},
  volume={21 5},
  pages={
          499-503
        }
}
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Pain after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is well investigated, but no optimal management strategy has yet been defined. Ventilatory changes after uncomplicated PCNL remain obscure. We investigated whether pain can be managed with a combination of a parenteral non-narcotic drug and instillation of a local anesthetic into the operative field. We also measured ventilatory changes early after PCNL to determine whether this analgesic modality improves ventilatory status… CONTINUE READING
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