Instantaneous and potential radiation effect on underplanted European beech below Norway spruce canopy


In even-aged, 120-year-old Norway spruce stands with underplanted beech (in 1995) four permanent research plots were established, each 100 × 100 m in size. Twelve subplots were selected on each plot along a light gradient from complete canopy closure to open light conditions. On each plot, photon flux density (PFD) was measured continuously, and during same… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s10342-012-0651-4


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