Insomnia in Children

@article{Younus2002InsomniaIC,
  title={Insomnia in Children},
  author={Mohammed Salim Younus and Michael J. Labellarte},
  journal={Pediatric Drugs},
  year={2002},
  volume={4},
  pages={391-403}
}
Insomnia in children is a nonspecific impairing symptom that may be the result of normal developmental changes, psychosocial duress, a sleep disorder, a psychiatric disorder, other medical disorders, substance misuse, or an adverse effect of medication. Careful clinical assessment of insomnia in children may include the use of symptom rating scales, laboratory testing, or other medical assessment.Short- and long-term treatment of insomnia in children involves management of etiological factors… 
Practitioner Review: Treatment of chronic insomnia in children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disabilities
TLDR
A tentative guide for the use of drugs for insomnia in children with NDDs is provided and well-controlled studies employing both objective polysomnography and subjective sleep measures are needed to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, and safety of the currently prescribed pediatric sleep medicines.
Pharmacotherapeutic management of sleep disorders in children with neurodevelopmental disorders
TLDR
This narrative review, the authors highlight and summarize the most common drugs and supplements used for the treatment of sleep problems in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities and recommend the use of melatonin and melatonin receptor agonists, sedating antidepressants, antipsychotics, antihistamines, gabapentin, clonidine and orexin receptor antagonists, and benzodiazepines and hypnotic Benzodiazepine receptor agonist.
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TLDR
Use of medications for pediatric insomnia should be diagnostically driven, and should be implemented in conjunction with empirically-based behavioral treatment strategies and adequate sleep hygiene and additional research is critically needed to provide an evidence-based approach.
Sleep disorders in children and adolescents with learning disabilities and their management
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A start at an evidence‐based background for practical and rational prescribing in this area of common childhood psychopathology is attempted, focusing on important clinical issues and predicaments.
Behavioral treatment of bedtime problems and night wakings in infants and young children.
TLDR
The findings indicate that behavioral therapies produce reliable and durable changes and support is provided for graduated extinction, bedtime fading/positive routines, and scheduled awakenings.
[Anxiety associated with substance abuse].
  • Y. Sivolap
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    Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova
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One of the best approaches to the treatment of chronic anxiety disorders in drug treatment clinic is a long course of treatment with antidepressants, primarily with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors as first line preparations.
Insomnia in children.
Insomnia in children, particularly young children, appears less as a lack of sleep than as an imbalance between the rhythms and sleep needs of the child, and those of the family and social
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