Insights for Contemporary Drug Policy: A Historical Account of Opium Control in India and Pakistan

  title={Insights for Contemporary Drug Policy: A Historical Account of Opium Control in India and Pakistan},
  author={James Windle},
  journal={Asian Journal of Criminology},
  • J. Windle
  • Published 1 March 2012
  • Economics
  • Asian Journal of Criminology
Opium, as a tradable commodity, has a long history in the Indian sub-continent. This article offers a history of the production and distribution of both licit and illicit opium from 1773 to the present day in order to explore the lessons that the experiences of Indian and Pakistani can offer to contemporary drug policy. Four insights for contemporary drug control policy are developed from the historical analysis: (1) post-independence Pakistan and India illustrate the difficulties of… 
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