Insight in schizophrenia: associations with empathy

@article{Pijnenborg2012InsightIS,
  title={Insight in schizophrenia: associations with empathy},
  author={Gerdina Hendrika Maria Pijnenborg and Joke Spikman and Bertus F. Jeronimus and Andr{\'e} Aleman},
  journal={European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience},
  year={2012},
  volume={263},
  pages={299-307}
}
Many people with schizophrenia (50–80 %) demonstrate impaired insight, something which has been associated with a poorer outcome. Two types of empathy can be distinguished: affective empathy via shared emotions and cognitive empathy, also referred to as Theory of Mind (ToM). ToM can be subdivided into cognitive ToM (knowledge about beliefs of other people via perspective taking) and affective ToM (knowledge about other people’s emotions via perspective taking). Recent studies show a… 

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It is still under debate how an impaired ToM in schizophrenia is associated with other aspects of cognition, how the impairment fluctuates with acuity or chronicity of the schizophrenic disorder, and how this affects the patients' use of language and social behavior.
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