Insect resistance to Bt crops: lessons from the first billion acres

@article{Tabashnik2013InsectRT,
  title={Insect resistance to Bt crops: lessons from the first billion acres},
  author={Bruce E. Tabashnik and Thierry Br{\'e}vault and Yves Carri{\`e}re},
  journal={Nature Biotechnology},
  year={2013},
  volume={31},
  pages={510-521}
}
Evolution of resistance in pests can reduce the effectiveness of insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) produced by transgenic crops. We analyzed results of 77 studies from five continents reporting field monitoring data for resistance to Bt crops, empirical evaluation of factors affecting resistance or both. Although most pest populations remained susceptible, reduced efficacy of Bt crops caused by field-evolved resistance has been reported now for some populations of 5 of 13… 

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