Insect–Machine Interface Based Neurocybernetics

@article{Bozkurt2009InsectMachineIB,
  title={Insect–Machine Interface Based Neurocybernetics},
  author={Alper Bozkurt and Robert F. Gilmour and Ayesa Sinha and D. Stern and Amit Lal},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering},
  year={2009},
  volume={56},
  pages={1727-1733}
}
We present details of a novel bioelectric interface formed by placing microfabricated probes into insect during metamorphic growth cycles. [] Key Result Therefore, our bioelectronic interface and hybrid insect-machine platform enables multidisciplinary scientific and engineering studies not only to investigate the details of insect behavioral physiology but also to control it.

Figures and Tables from this paper

Bioelectrical enhancement in tissue-electrode coupling with metamorphic-stage insertions for insect machine interfaces
  • A. Bozkurt, R. Gilmour, A. Lal
  • Biology
    2011 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
  • 2011
TLDR
The bioelectrical enhancement at the tissue-electrode interface allowed with these metamorphic stage insertions, where the electrodes implanted in the insect during the early pupal stages and right after emergence were compared.
Early metamorphic insertion technology for insect flight behavior monitoring.
TLDR
A novel way to tether Manduca sexta on a magnetically levitating frame where the insect is connected to a commercially available wireless neural amplifier and this set up can be used to limit the degree of freedom to yawing "only" while transmitting the related electromyography signals from dorsoventral and dorsolongitudinal muscle groups.
Remote-controlled insect navigation using plasmonic nanotattoos
TLDR
This work designed a ‘nanotattoo’ using silk that can interface the plasmonic nanostructures with a biological tissue and revealed that both structural and functional integrity of the biological tissues were preserved after the attachment of the nanotattoos.
In Vivo Electrochemical Characterization of a Tissue–Electrode Interface During Metamorphic Growth
TLDR
Electrochemical analysis is used to provide a preliminary quantitative comparison of tissue-electrode coupling over the course of metamorphic development and after eclosion, where PEDOT:PSS coated gold electrodes are implanted in the insect during the early pupal stages and right after emergence.
Balloon-Assisted Flight of Radio-Controlled Insect Biobots
TLDR
Radio-controlled insect biobots are reported on by directing the flight of Manduca sexta through neuromuscular activation by using early metamorphosis insertion technology to implant metal wire probes into the insect brain and thorax tissue.
Implantable microfluidic and electronic systems for insect flight manipulation
TLDR
An integrated microsystem that uses both chemical and electrical methods to modulate the flight activity of Manduca sexta moths is developed and it is demonstrated that the electrical stimulation provides as much as 35-fold enhancement in flight duration and that a 50% mean flight power output reduction can be achieved with the proper neurotransmitter dose.
Line following terrestrial insect biobots
  • Tahmid Latif, A. Bozkurt
  • Biology
    2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
  • 2012
TLDR
This study uses neural stimulation systems to wirelessly navigate cockroaches to follow lines to enable terrestrial insect biobots and proposes a system-on-chip based ZigBee enabled wireless neurostimulation backpack system with on-board tissue-electrode bioelectrical coupling verification.
Oral Dosing of Chemical Indicators for In Vivo Monitoring of Ca2+ Dynamics in Insect Muscle
TLDR
There was a positive relationship between the fluorescence intensity of the indicator and the frequency of electrical stimulation which indicates the orally dosed indicator successfully monitored Ca2+ dynamics in the muscle tissue, which has a potential to globally stain tissues including neurons, and investigating various physiological events in insects.
Flexible electrode for implantable neural devices
TLDR
This chapter provides an overview of the recent development in microfabricated polymeric neural electrodes and gives a summary of material properties and fabrication processes for some polymers commonly used in the neural electrode application.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 29 REFERENCES
Flexible polyimide-based intracortical electrode arrays with bioactive capability
TLDR
In vivo and in vitro device characterization of the biological, electrical and mechanical properties of thin-film, polyimide-based, multichannel intracortical Bio-MEMS arrays suggest that these arrays could be a candidate device for long-term neural implants.
Silicon microsystems for neuroscience and neural prostheses
  • K. Wise
  • Engineering
    IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine
  • 2005
TLDR
This article focuses on the technology for electronically interfacing with the CNS at the cellular level, and devices based on silicon-on-insulator technology and silicon array structures not based as directly on the planar processes of ICs are given notice.
An ultralight biotelemetry backpack for recording EMG signals in moths
TLDR
Using this system, electromyogram signals have been recorded from the dorsal ventral muscle and the dorsal longitudinal muscle of a giant sphinx moth (Manduca sexta).
Brain–machine interfaces: past, present and future
A radio-telemetry system with a shape memory alloy microelectrode for neural recording of freely moving insects
TLDR
The telemeter was loaded on a cockroach and the neural activity during a free-walk was successfully measured through this telemetry system.
Postembryonic development of the dorsal longitudinal flight muscle and its innervation in Manduca sexta
TLDR
Within the central nervous system, there is dramatic regression of larval dendrites followed by growth of new dendrite as the persistent motoneurons assume their new role in flight behavior.
Physiology of insect diapause; the role of the brain in the production and termination of pupal dormancy in the giant silkworm, Platysamia cecropia.
TLDR
In these species the well-known action of low temperatures in facilitating escape from diapause results from the effect of cold in rendering the brain competent to terminate domancy.
Criteria for the Selection of Materials for Implanted Electrodes
TLDR
The materials that are the best candidates for electrodes that make ohmic contact with tissues: gold, platinum, platinum–iridium, tungsten, and tantalum are good candidates and the preferred insulating materials are polyimide and glass.
The Insects: Structure and Function
TLDR
The aim of this monograph is to clarify the role of pheromones and chemicals in the lives of Insects and to propose a strategy to address their role in the food web.
...
...