Intracellular organelles in the saga of Ca2+ homeostasis: different molecules for different purposes?
Non-mitochondrial intracellular Ca2+ stores contain both thapsigargin-sensitive sarco(endo)plasmic-reticulum Ca2+-ATPases (SERCA) and thapsigargin-insensitive secretory-pathway Ca2+-ATPases (SPCA1). We now have studied the Ca2+-release properties of the compartments associated with these pumps in intact, i.e. non-permeabilized, cells of different origin (HeLa, keratinocytes, 16HBE14o-, COS-1, A7r5) and with different approaches (45Ca2+ fluxes, Ca2+ imaging and measurements of the free luminal [Ca2+] in the endoplasmic-reticulum and the Golgi apparatus using targeted aequorin). Application of an extracellular agonist in the absence of thapsigargin induced in all cells a Ca2+ release from both the endoplasmic-reticulum and the Golgi apparatus. The agonists were not able to release Ca2+ in the presence of 10 microM thapsigargin, except in COS-1 cells overexpressing SPCA1, where this pump not only appeared in the Golgi compartment but also overflowed into the agonist-sensitive part of the endoplasmic-reticulum. We conclude that the subcompartments of the endoplasmic-reticulum and of the Golgi complex that endogenously express SPCA1 are insensitive to agonist stimulation.