Innervation of the arterial wall and its modification in atherosclerosis

@article{Chistiakov2015InnervationOT,
  title={Innervation of the arterial wall and its modification in atherosclerosis},
  author={Dmitry A. Chistiakov and Ken W.S. Ashwell and Alexander N. Orekhov and Yuri V Bobryshev},
  journal={Autonomic Neuroscience},
  year={2015},
  volume={193},
  pages={7-11}
}
The autonomic nervous system (ANS) plays an essential role in the regulation of vascular tone. Sympathetic neurotransmitters epinephrine and norepinephrine are released from the terminals of perivascular nerves and suppress endothelial production of nitric oxide (NO), an important vasodilator. Sympathetic nerves also release neuropeptide Y, a co-transmitter that stimulates vasoconstriction and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells. Parasympathetic nerves release acetylcholine, which… Expand
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