Innervation and function of rat tail muscles for modeling cauda equina injury and repair

@article{Mackenzie2015InnervationAF,
  title={Innervation and function of rat tail muscles for modeling cauda equina injury and repair},
  author={Samuel J. Mackenzie and Juneyoung L. Yi and Amit Singla and Thomas M. Russell and Blair Calancie},
  journal={Muscle \& Nerve},
  year={2015},
  volume={52}
}
Introduction: The rat tail exhibits functional impairment after cauda equina injury. Our goal was to better understand the innervation and roles of muscles that control the tail. Methods: Adult rats received either: (1) ventral root injury; (2) caudales nerve injury; or (3) mapping of sacrococcygeal myotomes. Activation of small muscles within the tail itself (intrinsics) was compared with that of larger lumbosacral muscles acting on the tail (extrinsics). Behavioral testing of tail movement… 

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