Innate immunity in lophotrochozoans: the annelids.

  title={Innate immunity in lophotrochozoans: the annelids.},
  author={Michel Salzet and Aur{\'e}lie Tasiemski and Edwin Cooper},
  journal={Current pharmaceutical design},
  volume={12 24},
Innate immunity plays a major role as a first defense against microbes. Effectors of the innate response include pattern recognition receptors (PRR), phagocytic cells, proteolytic cascades and peptides/proteins with antimicrobial properties. Each element of these events has been well studied in vertebrates and in some invertebrates such as annelids. From these different researches, it appears that mammalian innate immunity could be considered as a mosaic of invertebrate immune responses… 
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Vertebrate innate immunity resembles a mosaic of invertebrate immune responses.
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