Innate and adaptive immune responses to viral infection and vaccination.

  title={Innate and adaptive immune responses to viral infection and vaccination.},
  author={Taiki Aoshi and Syohei Koyama and Kouji Kobiyama and Shizuo Akira and Ken J Ishii},
  journal={Current opinion in virology},
  volume={1 4},
Recent accumulating evidence suggests that the human immune system possesses a variety of innate receptors that recognize, distinguish, and respond to viral infections and to vaccination. These include Toll-like receptors, C-type lectin receptors, RIG-I-like receptors, Nod-like receptors and possibly AIM2-like receptors. However, the precise mechanisms by which these receptors exert their critical roles in the induction of virus-specific adaptive immune responses have not been fully elucidated… CONTINUE READING
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