Initiation of swimming activity in the medicinal leech by glutamate, quisqualate and kainate.


The excitatory amino acid, glutamate, and several of its agonists are known to produce locomotory activity in the lamprey (Brodin et al. 1985), rat (Kudo and Yamada, 1987) and the embryos and larvae of amphibians (Dale and Roberts, 1984; McClellan and Farel, 1985). It is hypothesized that glutamate acts as a neurotransmitter in the neuronal pathway that… (More)

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