Initial frequency of alleles for resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis toxins in field populations of Heliothis virescens.

@article{Gould1997InitialFO,
  title={Initial frequency of alleles for resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis toxins in field populations of Heliothis virescens.},
  author={F. Gould and A. Anderson and A. Jones and D. Sumerford and D. Heckel and J. Lopez and S. Micinski and R. Leonard and M. Laster},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={1997},
  volume={94 8},
  pages={
          3519-23
        }
}
  • F. Gould, A. Anderson, +6 authors M. Laster
  • Published 1997
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
The risk of rapid pest adaptation to an insecticide is highly dependent on the initial frequency of resistance alleles in field populations. Because we have lacked empirical estimates of these frequencies, population-genetic models of resistance evolution have relied on a wide range of theoretical estimates. The recent commercialization of genetically engineered cotton that constitutively produces an insecticidal protein derived from the biocontrol agent, Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) has raised… Expand
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