Initial construction and validation of the Pathological Narcissism Inventory.

@article{Pincus2009InitialCA,
  title={Initial construction and validation of the Pathological Narcissism Inventory.},
  author={Aaron L. Pincus and Emily B. Ansell and Claudia Pimentel and Nicole M. Cain and Aidan G. C. Wright and Kenneth N. Levy},
  journal={Psychological assessment},
  year={2009},
  volume={21 3},
  pages={
          365-379
        }
}
The construct of narcissism is inconsistently defined across clinical theory, social-personality psychology, and psychiatric diagnosis. Two problems were identified that impede integration of research and clinical findings regarding narcissistic personality pathology: (a) ambiguity regarding the assessment of pathological narcissism vs. normal narcissism and (b) insufficient scope of existing narcissism measures. Four studies are presented documenting the initial derivation and validation of… 

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