Initial Results from the Mini-TES Experiment in Gusev Crater from the Spirit Rover

@article{Christensen2004InitialRF,
  title={Initial Results from the Mini-TES Experiment in Gusev Crater from the Spirit Rover},
  author={Philip R. Christensen and Steven W. Ruff and Robin L. Fergason and Amy T. Knudson and Saadat Anwar and Raymond E. Arvidson and Joshua L. Bandfield and Diana L. Blaney and Charles J. Budney and Wendy M. Calvin and Timothy D. Glotch and Matthew P. Golombek and Noel Gorelick and Trevor G. Graff and Victoria E. Hamilton and Alexander Gerard Hayes and J. R. Johnson and Harry Y. McSween and Greg L. Mehall and L K Mehall and Jeffrey Moersch and Richard V. Morris and Alex Rogers and M. D. Smith and Steven W. Squyres and Michael J. Wolff and Michael Bruce Wyatt},
  journal={Science},
  year={2004},
  volume={305},
  pages={837 - 842}
}
The Miniature Thermal Emission Spectrometer (Mini-TES) on Spirit has studied the mineralogy and thermophysical properties at Gusev crater. Undisturbed soil spectra show evidence for minor carbonates and bound water. Rocks are olivinerich basalts with varying degrees of dust and other coatings. Dark-toned soils observed on disturbed surfaces may be derived from rocks and have derived mineralogy (±5 to 10%) of 45% pyroxene (20% Ca-rich pyroxene and 25% pigeonite), 40% sodic to intermediate… 
Basaltic rocks analyzed by the Spirit Rover in Gusev Crater.
TLDR
Chemical analyses of rocks by the Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer are consistent with picritic basalts, containing normative olivine, pyroxenes, plagioclase, and accessory FeTi oxides, which extend the known range of rock compositions composing the martian crust.
The rocks of Gusev Crater as viewed by the Mini‐TES instrument
[1] The Miniature Thermal Emission Spectrometer (Mini-TES) on board the Mars Exploration Rover Spirit is part of a payload designed to investigate whether a lake once existed in Gusev Crater.
Mineralogy at Meridiani Planum from the Mini-TES Experiment on the Opportunity Rover
TLDR
The Miniature Thermal Emission Spectrometer on Opportunity investigated the mineral abundances and compositions of outcrops, rocks, and soils at Meridiani Planum, finding Bounce rock is dominated by clinopyroxene and is close in inferred mineral composition to the basaltic martian meteorites.
Alteration Processes in Gusev Crater, Mars
Abstract The Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer instrument on the Mars exploration rover Spirit determined the compositions of 222 rock and soil targets in Gusev crater. The analyses show wide ranges
Hydrothermal processes at Gusev Crater: An evaluation of Paso Robles class soils
[1] The Mars Exploration Rover Spirit analyzed multiple occurrences of sulfur-rich, light-toned soils along its traverse within Gusev Crater. These hydrated deposits are not readily apparent in
Coordinated analyses of orbital and Spirit Rover data to characterize surface materials on the cratered plains of Gusev Crater, Mars
[1] Comparison of the Mars Exploration Rover Spirit's Pancam (0.4 to 1.0 μm) and Mars Express Observatoire pour la Mineralogie l'Eau, les Glaces et l'Activite (OMEGA) (0.4 to 2.5 μm) spectral
Mineralogy at Gusev Crater from the Mössbauer Spectrometer on the Spirit Rover
TLDR
The ubiquitous presence of olivine in soil suggests that physical rather than chemical weathering processes currently dominate at Gusev crater.
Overview of the Spirit Mars Exploration Rover Mission to Gusev Crater: Landing site to Backstay Rock in the Columbia Hills
Spirit landed on the floor of Gusev Crater and conducted initial operations on soil-covered, rock-strewn cratered plains underlain by olivine-bearing basalts. Plains surface rocks are covered by
Fluid lava flows in Gusev crater, Mars
[1] Rocks on the floor of Gusev crater are basaltic in composition, as determined from measurements by the Mars Exploration Rover, Spirit. On the basis of compositional data, models of the basaltic
A volcanic interpretation of Gusev Crater surface materials from thermophysical, spectral, and morphological evidence
[1] Gusev Crater, the Mars Exploration Rover Spirit landing site (160 km diameter; 14.5°S, 184.5°W), has been identified in previous studies as a prime site of geological and exobiological interest
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Basaltic rocks analyzed by the Spirit Rover in Gusev Crater.
TLDR
Chemical analyses of rocks by the Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer are consistent with picritic basalts, containing normative olivine, pyroxenes, plagioclase, and accessory FeTi oxides, which extend the known range of rock compositions composing the martian crust.
Mineralogy at Gusev Crater from the Mössbauer Spectrometer on the Spirit Rover
TLDR
The ubiquitous presence of olivine in soil suggests that physical rather than chemical weathering processes currently dominate at Gusev crater.
Chemistry of Rocks and Soils in Gusev Crater from the Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer
The alpha particle x-ray spectrometer on the Spirit rover determined major and minor elements of soils and rocks in Gusev crater in order to unravel the crustal evolution of planet Mars. The
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TLDR
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Thermal Emission Spectrometer (TES) data from the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) are used to determine compositions and distributions of martian low-albedo regions. Two surface spectral signatures are
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TLDR
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Abstract The spatial distribution of rocks exposed at the surface of Mars has been mapped using Viking Infrared Thermal Mapper (IRTM) observations. Overall, there are no regions on the surface of
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Abstract Spectral features observed in Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer data ( ∼ 1670 –220 cm −1 ) of martian surface dust provide clues to its mineralogy. An emissivity peak at ∼
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TLDR
The Mars Exploration Rover Spirit and its Athena science payload have been used to investigate a landing site in Gusev crater, but no clear evidence for lacustrine sedimentation has been found to date.
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