Kinase-dependent Regulation of Monoamine Neurotransmitter Transporters.
The effect of the selective dopamine uptake inhibitor GBR 12909 on TTX-sensitive sodium channels of cultured hippocampal neurons was investigated using whole cell patch-clamp technique. GBR 12909 dose-dependently inhibited sodium currents evoked by trains of depolarizing pulses with an IC50 of 6.3 microM. A weaker inhibition (IC50 = 17-35 microM) could be observed when currents were evoked by either single pulse depolarization or from hyperpolarized holding membrane potential. These data indicate that the extent of inhibition caused by GBR 12909 depends on the physiological activity pattern of neurons. Our results suggest that caution is needed for the interpretation of data when GBR 12909 is used for the inhibition of dopamine uptake at concentrations above the submicromolar range.