Human MxA protein confers resistance to double-stranded RNA viruses of two virus families.
- Egbert Mundt
- The Journal of general virology
Murine L cells were treated with interferon (IFN) concentrations which reduced by 75 to 80% the synthesis of viral mRNA after infection with reovirus. Protein synthesis was not inhibited in these cells up to 6 h after infection, but a large fraction of the viral mRNA was not associated with polyribosomes and sedimented at about 50S. In contrast, most of the reovirus mRNA was associated with polyribosomes in control infected cells. This mRNA was of similar size to non-polyribosomal mRNA from IFN-treated cells when analyzed by Northern blot hybridization with a cloned cDNA for the s2 reovirus mRNA, indicating that the non-polyribosomal mRNA was not appreciably degraded. Viral mRNA was labeled with [3H]uridine and the non-polyribosomal mRNA was isolated from IFN-treated cells. This mRNA could quantitatively bind to 80S initiation complexes when incubated in a rabbit reticulocyte cell-free system. These findings indicated that the non-polyribosomal RNA was translatable, but that its binding to functional initiation complexes was inhibited in IFN-treated cells by a discriminatory mechanism, which did not affect translation of cellular mRNA. Previous experiments showed that mRNA is blocked in 48S complexes when the alpha subunit of initiation factor eIF-2 is phosphorylated by the double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase induced by IFN. A localized activation of this kinase could explain the block of viral mRNA in 48S complexes. By labeling the phosphoproteins of IFN-treated cells with 32P, eIF-2 (alpha P) was shown to cosediment with non-polyribosomal mRNA, presumably in 48S complexes.