Interleukin-1beta and glutamate activate the NF-kappaB/Rel binding site from the regulatory region of the amyloid precursor protein gene in primary neuronal cultures.
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder of the brain characterized by the extracellular deposition of amyloid in senile plaques and along the walls of the cerebral vasculature. The principal constituent of amyloid deposit is amyloid β peptide (Aβ) derived from its larger precursor protein, amyloid precursor protein (APP). The overexpression of APP is known to be a risk factor for Aβ deposit in AD and in Down syndrome (DS). The inhibition of APP expression has been thought to be beneficial to patients with AD and DS. In this study, we investigated the effects of antisense oligonucleotide (AO) on the overexpression of APP induced by IL-1β and NGF. Using phosphorothioate-oligonucleotides against initiation codon significantly reduced the protein levels of APP induced by NGF and IL-1β to basal level in PC12 cell culture systems. These results showed that these antisense oligonucleotides may have a potential to be a therapeutic agent for some patients with AD and DS.