Inhibition of several strains of influenza virus in vitro and reduction of symptoms by an elderberry extract (Sambucus nigra L.) during an outbreak of influenza B Panama.

@article{ZakayRones1995InhibitionOS,
  title={Inhibition of several strains of influenza virus in vitro and reduction of symptoms by an elderberry extract (Sambucus nigra L.) during an outbreak of influenza B Panama.},
  author={Z. Zakay-Rones and N. Varsano and M. Złotnik and O. Manor and L. Regev and M. Schlesinger and M. Mumcuoğlu},
  journal={Journal of alternative and complementary medicine},
  year={1995},
  volume={1 4},
  pages={
          361-9
        }
}
A standardized elderberry extract, Sambucol (SAM), reduced hemagglutination and inhibited replication of human influenza viruses type A/Shangdong 9/93 (H3N2), A/Beijing 32/92 (H3N2), A/Texas 36/91 (H1N1), A/Singapore 6/86 (H1N1), type B/Panama 45/90, B/Yamagata 16/88, B/Ann Arbor 1/86, and of animal strains from Northern European swine and turkeys, A/Sw/Ger 2/81, A/Tur/Ger 3/91, and A/Sw/Ger 8533/91 in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. [...] Key Method A placebo-controlled, double blind study was carried out on…Expand
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