Inhibition of pleural metastasis of collecting duct carcinoma of the kidney by modified cytokine-induced killer cells: A case report and review of the literature.

Abstract

Collecting duct carcinoma (CDC) or Bellini duct carcinoma of the kidney is a rare, but highly aggressive renal epithelial malignancy, with an extremely poor prognosis. Modified cytokine-induced killer (mCIK) cells were injected into the pleural cavity to treat pleural metastasis of CDC. The patient, a 33-year-old male, was admitted to hospital for further… (More)

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