Inhibition of multispecies biofilms by a fluoride-releasing dental prosthesis copolymer.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES This study aimed to develop a new mixed-species acidogenic biofilm model and use it to assess the antimicrobial properties of a novel fluoride-releasing copolymer. METHODS Stubs composed of a copolymer of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) with polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) were produced by chemically-activated free radical polymerization. A fluoride-releasing copolymer was developed by incorporating sodium fluoride in place of a portion of the PMMA. Samples were mounted in polysulfone Modified Robbins Devices (MRDs) and were optimized for single- and mixed-species biofilm formation by Candida albicans, Lactobacillus casei and Streptococcus mutans. RESULTS Fluoride release was sustained for at least 48h in flowing conditions. Fluoride did not affect the colonization and biofilm growth of any of the microorganisms in monocultures. However, in mixed-species biofilms, cell densities of all three species were reduced approximately ten-fold (p<0.05) on the fluoridated material compared with the non-fluoridated copolymer. CONCLUSIONS These data demonstrate that intermicrobial interactions in mixed-species acidogenic biofilms are sensitive to fluoride, and that the inclusion of fluoride in a denture lining copolymer reduces the formation of polymicrobial biofilms. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE The growth of acidogenic microorganisms on denture materials is associated with denture stomatitis and dental caries on surrounding teeth. A fluoride-releasing copolymer that inhibits acidogenic mixed-species biofilms, such as the material described in this study, has the potential to control these diseases by limiting biofilm growth.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jdent.2016.03.001

Cite this paper

@article{Yassin2016InhibitionOM, title={Inhibition of multispecies biofilms by a fluoride-releasing dental prosthesis copolymer.}, author={Sufian A Yassin and Matthew J. German and Sarah L Rolland and Alexander H. Rickard and Nick S. Jakubovics}, journal={Journal of dentistry}, year={2016}, volume={48}, pages={62-70} }