Design, synthesis and anti-HIV-1 evaluation of a series of 5-hydroxypyridine-4-one derivatives as possible integrase inhibitors
The coexpression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope glycoproteins and receptors leads to the lysis of single cells by a process that is dependent upon membrane fusion. This cell lysis was inhibited by low-molecular-weight compounds that interfere with receptor binding or with receptor-induced conformational transitions in the envelope glycoproteins. A peptide, T20, potently inhibited cell-cell fusion but had no effect on single cell lysis mediated by the HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins. Thus, critical events in the lysis of single cells by the HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins occur in intracellular compartments accessible only to small inhibitory compounds.