Plasma gelsolin protects HIV-1 gp120-induced neuronal injury via voltage-gated K+ channel Kv2.1.
Histone acetylation and deacetylation participate in the epigenetic regulation of gene expression. In this paper, we demonstrate that pre-treatment with the histone deacetylation inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) enhances histone acetylation in primary cortical neurons and protects against oxygen/glucose deprivation, a model for ischaemic cell death in vitro. The actin-binding protein gelsolin was identified as a mediator of neuroprotection by TSA. TSA enhanced histone acetylation of the gelsolin promoter region, and up-regulated gelsolin messenger RNA and protein expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Double-label confocal immunocytochemistry visualized the up-regulation of gelsolin and histone acetylation within the same neuron. Together with gelsolin up-regulation, TSA pre-treatment decreased levels of filamentous actin. The neuroprotective effect of TSA was completely abolished in neurons lacking gelsolin gene expression. In conclusion, we demonstrate that the enhancement of gelsolin gene expression correlates with neuroprotection induced by the inhibition of histone deacetylation.