Inhibition of calcineurin-NFAT signaling by the pyrazolopyrimidine compound NCI3.


Dephosphorylation of NFAT by the Ca(2+)-calmodulin-dependent Ser/Thr protein phosphatase calcineurin is a bottleneck of T cell receptor-dependent activation of T cells. In dimeric complexes with immunophilins, the immunosuppressants cyclosporine A (CsA) and tacrolimus (FK506) block this process by inhibition of the enzymatic activity of calcineurin. We have… (More)