Inhibition of RhoA/Rho kinase by ibuprofen exerts cardioprotective effect on isoproterenol induced myocardial infarction in rats.

Abstract

Myocardial infarction (MI) and hypertension are the leading cause of death worldwide so protection of heart is focus of intense research. Rho-kinase, a downstream effector of protein involved in MI and hypertension, is inhibited by ibuprofen. This study aims to elucidate cardioprotective effect of ibuprofen in rats. MI was produced in rats with 85mg/kg isoproterenol (ISO) administered s.c. twice at an interval of 24h. The rats were randomized into six groups: (I) Normal; (II) ISO; (III) ISO + ascorbic acid (250mg/kg p.o.); (IV-VI) ISO + ibuprofen (30, 60 and 90mg/kg p.o). After the completion of the study period of 21 days, cardiac function and biomarkers were assessed. Pre-treatment with ibuprofen (30, 60 and 90mg/kg p.o) ameliorated high BP and left ventricular dysfunction, furthermore it prevented the rise in CKMB, LDH and α-HBDH, suggesting the effect of ibuprofen in maintenance of cell membrane integrity. In addition, it also prevented alteration in the levels of electrolytes, ATPase activity and antioxidant status. Ibuprofen suppressed ISO-induced ROCK-1 mRNA expression and histological changes. Ibuprofen provided cardioprotection in a model of myocardial infarction, by restoring most of the altered physical, physiological, biochemical, haemodynamic parameters, antioxidant status, and histological changes and by inhibiting ROCK-1 mRNA expression.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2016.08.015

Cite this paper

@article{Patel2016InhibitionOR, title={Inhibition of RhoA/Rho kinase by ibuprofen exerts cardioprotective effect on isoproterenol induced myocardial infarction in rats.}, author={Prexita Patel and Mihir P. Parikh and Hital Shah and Tejal R. Gandhi}, journal={European journal of pharmacology}, year={2016}, volume={791}, pages={91-98} }