S-adenosylmethionine, a methyl donor, up regulates tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 in colorectal cancer.
The balance between levels of metalloproteinases and their correspond ing inhibitors is a critical factor in tumor invasion and metastasis. Downregulation of the activity of these proteases was achieved by transfection of invasive and metastatic rat cells with the complementary DNA for metalloproteinase inhibitor/tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 2 (MI/ TIMP-2), a novel inhibitor of metalloproteinases recently described. (Y. A. DeClerck et al., J. Biol. Chem., 264: 17445-17453, 1989; W. G. Stetler-Stevenson et al., J. Biol. Chem., 264: 17374-17378, 1989). Se cretion of functional MI/TIMP-2 protein in stably transfected cells resulted in a marked decrease in metalloproteinase activity. Partial suppression of the formation of lung colonies after i.v. injection in nude mice was observed in a transfected clone expressing high levels of MI/ TIMP-2. Production of MI/TIMP-2 in four clones markedly reduced tumor growth rate in vivo after s.c. injection and completely suppressed local tissue invasion. Thus, down-regulation of metalloproteinase activity has a striking effect on local invasion and partially suppresses hematog-