Inhibition of FOSL1 overexpression in antiestrogen-resistant MCF-7 cells decreases cell growth and increases vacuolization and cell death.

Elevated activator protein-1 (AP-1) activity in breast cancer cells has been linked to Tamoxifen (TAM) resistance. Fos-like antigen-1 (FOSL1) is a member of the AP-1 transcription factor and is overexpressed in a variety of human cancers including breast tumors. We have previously established an estrogen-independent and antiestrogen Toremifene (TOR… (More)