Inhibition, ADHD, and Computer Games: The Inhibitory Performance of Children with ADHD on Computerized Tasks and Games

@article{Shaw2005InhibitionAA,
  title={Inhibition, ADHD, and Computer Games: The Inhibitory Performance of Children with ADHD on Computerized Tasks and Games},
  author={Rebecca Shaw and Andrew Grayson and Vicky Lewis},
  journal={Journal of Attention Disorders},
  year={2005},
  volume={8},
  pages={160 - 168}
}
Contrary to empirical reports of inhibitory dysfunction in ADHD, parental reports suggest that when playing computer games, the inhibitory abilities of children with ADHD are unimpaired. This small-scale preliminary investigation into this phenomenon looks at inhibition of an ongoing response and activity exhibited by children with ADHD between 6 and 14 years old on two commercially available games, on the Conners's Continuous Performance Test II (CPT II), and on a more game-like version of the… 

Tables from this paper

Video Game Performances Are Preserved in ADHD Children Compared With Controls
TLDR
When playing video games, ADHD children present no difference in inhibitory performances compared with control children, which demonstrates that cognitive difficulties in ADHD are task dependent.
Animated Computer Education Games for Students with ADHD: Evaluating Their Development and Effectiveness as Instructional Tools
TLDR
How instructional design models can be used to guide the design and implementation of animated computer education games as instructional tools for this population of children and adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is demonstrated.
Game-based learning and children with ADHD
Game-Based Learning and Children with ADHD Margaret Sullivan-Carr, M.B.A. Mary Jean Tecce DeCarlo, Ph.D. Children with ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity
THERAPEUTIC VIDEO GAMES AND THE SIMULATION OF EXECUTIVE FUNCTION DEFICITS IN ADHD
TLDR
This work proposes using ANNs to optimize drug and Minecraft therapy for individual patients based on the initial NICHQ Vanderbilt assessment scores, and develops a therapeutic video game as a drug/device combination with stimulants for the treatment of ADHD symptoms in Fragile X Syndrome.
Does Computerized Working Memory Training with Game Elements Enhance Motivation and Training Efficacy in Children with ADHD?
TLDR
WM training with game elements significantly improves the motivation, training performance, and working memory of children with ADHD.
Objective Assessment of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Using an Infinite Runner-Based Computer Game: A Pilot Study
TLDR
The proposed “running raccoon” video game is a genuine video game in which the patient must make a raccoon avatar jump to avoid falling into different gaps and its accuracy and characteristics make it an excellent tool to support clinicians in the diagnosis of ADHD.
Cognitive Control and Motivation in Children with ADHD: How Reinforcement Interacts with the Assessment and Training of Executive Functioning
TLDR
The effects of reinforcement on assessment and training of EF in children with ADHD and the interaction between two neuropsychological processes proposed to play a pivotal role in explaining the problems of ADHD: executive functioning (EF) and motivation is examined.
The Effect of Cognitive Computer Games on Working Memory, Attention and Cognitive Flexibility in Students with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Objective: The present study examines the impact of cognitive computer games on working memory, attention and cognitive flexibility among students attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Performance, motivation and immersion within a suite of working memory games
Almost 20% of Norwegian children and youth struggle with behavioural and cognitive disability. Working memory deficiency is especially common among children with ADHD. Recent advances in
Case Report: "ADHD Trainer": the mobile application that enhances cognitive skills in ADHD patients
TLDR
It is highlighted that regular cognitive computerized training in ADHD patients may improve some of their cognitive symptoms and might be helpful for treating video game addiction.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 43 REFERENCES
Is the Continuous Performance Task a valuable research tool for use with children with Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder?
  • P. Corkum, L. Siegel
  • Psychology
    Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 1993
TLDR
There is no compelling evidence for a sustained deficit in ADHD children, and an alternative theoretical model for understanding the results of CPT performance in ADHDChildren is provided.
Behavioral inhibition, sustained attention, and executive functions: constructing a unifying theory of ADHD.
  • R. Barkley
  • Psychology, Biology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 1997
TLDR
A theoretical model that links inhibition to 4 executive neuropsychological functions that appear to depend on it for their effective execution is constructed and finds it to be strongest for deficits in behavioral inhibition, working memory, regulation of motivation, and motor control in those with ADHD.
Inhibition in ADHD, aggressive, and anxious children: A biologically based model of child psychopathology
TLDR
A deficit in inhibitory control in children with externalizing disorders, whereas anxious children were predicted to be overinhibited was hypothesized, and no evidence of overinhibition was found in anxious children.
A Playroom Observation Procedure to Assess Children with Mental Retardation and ADHD
TLDR
Results indicated that the ADHD-combined group was significantly more vocal and engaged in a significantly greater number of toy changes than controls during independent play and significant group differences were noted during the restricted academic task.
Psychological mechanisms in hyperactivity: I. Response inhibition deficit, working memory impairment, delay aversion, or something else?
TLDR
There was evidence of a pattern of responding on the stop task that was strongly characteristic of hyperactivity: hyperactive children were variable in their speed, generally slow and inaccurate in responding, which may indicate a nonoptimal effort/ activation state.
Changing a response set in normal development and in ADHD children with and without tics
TLDR
A variant of Stemberg's response bias task is used to provide a rigorous investigation of the locus of task-inappropriate (impulsive) responding in ADHD children with and without tics and unexpectedly, the noticeable task inefficiency of the patient groups was not related to a hasty scan of the display, an inability to change response set, or a speed—accuracy trade-off.
Contrasting Cognitive Deficits in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder versus Reading Disability.
We compared 2 common and sometimes comorbid developmental disorders, reading disability (RD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), in 2 cognitive domains, phonological processes (PP)
Executive functions and developmental psychopathology.
TLDR
It is revealed that EF deficits are consistently found in both ADHD and autism but not in CD (without ADHD) or in TS, and both the severity and profile of EF deficits appears to differ across ADHD and Autism.
Attentional difficulties in hyperactive and conduct-disordered children: a processing deficit.
  • P. Leung, K. Connolly
  • Psychology
    Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 1994
TLDR
On a visual search task, only the HA children showed a specific processing deficit in performance, confirming the diagnostic value of such a deficit for hyperactivity, differentiating it from conduct disorder.
The Effects of Gender, Expectations of Success and Social Comparison on Children's Performance on a Computer‐based Task
Abstract The study examined the effects of gender, expectations of success and social comparison on children's performance on a computer‐based task. The children (32 boys and 30 girls) were aged
...
...