Inherited immunodeficiency with a defect in a major histocompatibility complex class II promoter-binding protein differs in the chromatin structure of the HLA-DRA gene.

Abstract

A defect in a trans-regulatory factor which controls major histocompatibility complex class II gene expression is responsible for an inherited form of immunodeficiency with a lack of expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II antigens. We have recently described and cloned an HLA class II promoter DNA-binding protein, RF-X, present in normal B cells and absent in these class II-deficient regulatory mutants. Here we report that these in vitro results correlate with a specific change in the chromatin structure of the class II promoter: two prominent DNase I-hypersensitive sites were identified in the promoter of the HLA-DRA gene in normal B lymphocytes and found to be absent in the class II-deficient mutant cells. The same two prominent DNase I-hypersensitive sites were observed in normal fibroblastic cells induced by gamma interferon to express class II genes. Interestingly, they were also observed in the uninduced class II-negative fibroblastic cells, which have also been shown to have a normal RF-X binding pattern. We conclude that the two DNase I-hypersensitive sites in the HLA-DRA promoter reflect features in chromatin structure which correlate with the binding of the trans-acting factor RF-X and which are necessary but not sufficient for the expression of class II genes.

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@article{Gnczy1989InheritedIW, title={Inherited immunodeficiency with a defect in a major histocompatibility complex class II promoter-binding protein differs in the chromatin structure of the HLA-DRA gene.}, author={Pierre G{\"{o}nczy and W. Reith and Emmanu{\`e}le Barras and Barbara Lisowska-Grospierre and Claude Griscelli and Martin R. Hadam and Brian Mach}, journal={Molecular and cellular biology}, year={1989}, volume={9 1}, pages={296-302} }