Inheritance, ecology and the evolution of the canoes of east Oceania

  title={Inheritance, ecology and the evolution of the canoes of east Oceania},
  author={Bret A. Beheim and Adrian Viliami Bell},
  journal={Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences},
  pages={3089 - 3095}
  • B. Beheim, A. Bell
  • Published 23 February 2011
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
We consider patterns in the evolution of canoe technology in the eastern Pacific relative to three general processes: movement of canoe traits along the Polynesian settlement sequence, adaptations to local island environment, and post-settlement interaction between island groups. Using model selection methods on the distributions of canoe technology, we show that social and ecological covariates together consistently outperform each considered individually, though knowledge of island area and… Expand
The potential to infer the historical pattern of cultural macroevolution
Simulations are used to reveal how properties of the sample, of the tree and of the trait might influence the inferences that can be drawn about trait distributions across a given phylogeny and the power to discern alternative histories. Expand
Culture, space, and metapopulation: a simulation-based study for evaluating signals of blending and branching
This paper explores the robustness of phylogenetic methods for detecting variations in branching and blending signals in the archaeological record and investigates whether they are capable of assessing how spatial isolation determines cultural diversity. Expand
Cultural Macroevolution on Neighbor Graphs
This work develops and fit autologistic models, built upon both spatial and linguistic neighbor graphs, for 44 cultural traits of 172 societies in the Western North American Indian (WNAI) database, and shows that vertical and horizontal transmission pathways can be incorporated in a single model. Expand
Rapa Nui (Easter Island) monument (ahu) locations explained by freshwater sources
This work uses spatially-explicit point-process modeling to explore the potential relations between ahu construction locations and subsistence resources, namely, rock mulch agricultural gardens, marine resources, and freshwater sources-the three most critical resources on Rapa Nui. Expand
Behavioural variation in 172 small-scale societies indicates that social learning is the main mode of human adaptation
It is found that the effect of cultural history is typically larger than that of environment, which indicates that human behaviour is not predominantly determined by single-generation adaptive responses, contra theories that emphasize non-cultural mechanisms as determinants of human behaviour. Expand
Comparative phylogenetic methods and the cultural evolution of medicinal plant use
Traditional knowledge of medicinal plants is rich and varied, with uses differing between cultures, and cultural evolutionary theory, particularly phylogenetic comparative methods, provide a framework to investigate continuity and change in medicinal plant knowledge. Expand
The evolution of traditional knowledge: environment shapes medicinal plant use in Nepal
It is shown that medicinal uses are most similar when cultures are found in similar floristic environments, and the importance of adaptation to local environments, even at small spatial scale, in shaping traditional knowledge during human cultural evolution is demonstrated. Expand
Modeling Demic and Cultural Diffusion: An Introduction
The state of art in the modeling of these processes is outlined, the pros and cons of two of the most commonly used frameworks are discussed, and new insights are offered that will augment the theoretical and empirical basis for the study of demic and cultural diffusion. Expand
An Approximate Bayesian Computation approach for inferring patterns of cultural evolutionary change
A novel approach based on Approximate Bayesian Computation (ABC), which enables the evaluation of multiple competing evolutionary models formulated as computer simulations, showed that unbiased and anti-conformist transmission models provide equally good explanatory models for the observed data, suggesting high levels of equifinality. Expand
Beyond Hypothesis-Testing : using Approximate Bayesian Computation for comparing multiple models of cultural transmission in Neolithic Europe
  • 2014
The current renaissance of computer simulation in archaeology is showcasing a wide array of successful applications where archaeological theory-building is formalised, and existing methods areExpand


Analyzing adaptive strategies: Human behavioral ecology at twenty‐five
This review examines the basic theory and its extensions to children’s foraging, conservation biology, demographic transitions, domestication and agricultural origins, the evolution of menopause, field processing and central place foraged, life history, male-female division of labor, mating tactics and fertility decisions, and resource intensification. Expand
Hawaii as a Model System for Human Ecodynamics
The human ecodynamics approach in archaeology privileges landscape as a core concept, asserting that there can be no environment or ecosystem detached from humans and their behavior. Drawing onExpand
The evolution of the Polynesian chiefdoms
Preface 1. Introduction Part I. Foundation: 2. Polynesian societies and ecosystems 3. Ancestral Polynesia Part II. Process: 4. Dispersal, colonization, and adaptation 5. The demographic factor 6.Expand
Cultural variation in Africa: role of mechanisms of transmission and adaptation.
Most traits examined, in particular those affecting family structure and kinship, showed great conservation over generations, as shown by the fit of model A, in agreement with the theoretical demonstration that cultural transmission in the family (vertical) is the most conservative one. Expand
Model selection in ecology and evolution.
The steps of model selection are outlined and several ways that it is now being implemented are highlighted, so that researchers in ecology and evolution will find a valuable alternative to traditional null hypothesis testing, especially when more than one hypothesis is plausible. Expand
Demography and Cultural Evolution: How Adaptive Cultural Processes Can Produce Maladaptive Losses—The Tasmanian Case
A combination of archeological and ethnohistorical evidence indicates that, over an approximately 8,000-year period, from the beginning of the Holocene until European explorers began arriving in theExpand
Human Evolution in Polynesia
The number of eastern Polynesian females required to found the Māori population of Aotearoa (New Zealand) has been recalculated. Our estimates use computer simulations that incorporate realisticExpand
Evolution, consequences and future of plant and animal domestication
Domestication interests us as the most momentous change in Holocene human history, as farmers spread at the expense of hunter–gatherers and of other farmers. Expand
The prehistoric exploration and colonisation of the Pacific
The exploration and colonisation of the Pacific is a remarkable episode of human prehistory. Early sea-going explorers had no prior knowledge of Pacific geography, no documents to record their route,Expand
Inferring population histories using cultural data
The question as to whether cultures evolve in a manner analogous to that of genetic evolution can be addressed by attempting to reconstruct population histories using cultural data. As others haveExpand