Inhaled methoxyflurane and intranasal fentanyl for prehospital management of visceral pain in an Australian ambulance service

@article{Johnston2010InhaledMA,
  title={Inhaled methoxyflurane and intranasal fentanyl for prehospital management of visceral pain in an Australian ambulance service},
  author={Steve Johnston and Garry J Wilkes and Jennifer A Thompson and Melanie R Ziman and Richard Brightwell},
  journal={Emergency Medicine Journal},
  year={2010},
  volume={28},
  pages={57 - 63}
}
Objective This study analysed the analgesic effect and changes in vital signs associated with administration of inhaled Methoxyflurane (MTX) and/or intranasal Fentanyl (INF) for prehospital management of visceral pain. Method A retrospective, observational study reviewing 1024 randomly selected records of patients with presumed visceral pain administered MTX (465), INF (397) or both (162) by the Western Australian Ambulance Service between January 2004 and February 2006. Clinical variables… 
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