Ingombe Ilede and the demise of Great Zimbabwe

  title={Ingombe Ilede and the demise of Great Zimbabwe},
  author={Innocent Pikirayi},
  pages={1085 - 1086}
Although new research suggests multi-directional trajectories in the development of the Zimbabwe Tradition (see Chirikure et al. 2016), regional population shifts need not be discounted, as some of these generated states (e.g. Vigneswaran & Quirk 2015). Oral-historical data from northern Zimbabwe counters persistent but often misleading views of pre-colonial states in south-central Africa as exercising power over static and stationary populations (Pikirayi 1993). Rather, human mobility shaped… 


Decisive Evidence for Multidirectional Evolution of Sociopolitical Complexity in Southern Africa
While pioneers of archaeology in any given region have established the foundations of the discipline, their views have not remained unchanged in places such as Europe, North America and Australasia.
Central Africa to 1870: Zambezia, Zaire and the South Atlantic
List of maps Preface 1. Priests and farmers in the later Iron Age 2. Kings and merchants in the Atlantic era 1600-1790 3. Ivory and guns in the nineteenth century Bibliographical note and further
Ingombe Ilede and the Zimbabwe Culture
Etude du peuplement de la vallee du Zambeze du XIV au XVIsiecle a partir des resultats des fouilles effectuees sur le site d'Ingombe Ilede. Les relations de ces groupes avec la culture Zimbabwe.
The Date of the Ingombe Ilede Burials
Recent excavations and radiocarbon dates provide evidence that the rich Ingombe Ilede burials date from the fourteenth/fifteenth centuries a.d., not from the ninth/tenth centuries as was previously
Iron Age Sites in the Urungwe District of Rhodesia
Revisiting Baranda: a multi-analytical approach in classifying sixteenth/seventeenth-century glass beads from northern Zimbabwe
Abstract The glass bead trade in southern Africa provides important evidence of interregional contact during the early modern period. Compositional analysis of a large assemblage of imported glass
Mobility Makes States: Migration and Power in Africa
Human mobility has long played a foundational role in producing state territories, resources, and hierarchies. When people move within and across national boundaries, they create both challenges and
The archaeological identity of the Mutapa state: towards an historical archaeology of northern Zimbabwe (Studies in African Archaeology 6)
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The Zimbabwe Culture: Origins and Decline of Southern Zambezian States
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