Ingestion of casein and whey proteins result in muscle anabolism after resistance exercise.

@article{Tipton2004IngestionOC,
  title={Ingestion of casein and whey proteins result in muscle anabolism after resistance exercise.},
  author={Kevin D. Tipton and Tabatha A. Elliott and Melanie G. Cree and Steven E. Wolf and Arthur P. Sanford and Robert R. Wolfe},
  journal={Medicine and science in sports and exercise},
  year={2004},
  volume={36 12},
  pages={
          2073-81
        }
}
PURPOSE Determination of the anabolic response to exercise and nutrition is important for individuals who may benefit from increased muscle mass. Intake of free amino acids after resistance exercise stimulates net muscle protein synthesis. The response of muscle protein balance to intact protein ingestion after exercise has not been studied. This study was designed to examine the acute response of muscle protein balance to ingestion of two different intact proteins after resistance exercise… 

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Effect of whey and casein proteins on muscle protein synthesis after resistance exercise

It is concluded that the ingestion of whey and casein proteins, in isolation or combination, stimulates mixed muscle protein synthesis to similar degrees after an acute bout of resistance exercise.

Stimulation of net muscle protein synthesis by whey protein ingestion before and after exercise.

The response of net muscle protein balance to timing of intact protein ingestion does not respond as does that of the combination of free amino acids and carbohydrate, and net amino acid balance switched from negative to positive following ingestion of proteins at either time.

Stimulation of muscle protein synthesis by whey and caseinate ingestion after resistance exercise in elderly individuals

Sarcopenia is a well‐known phenomenon in elderly individuals and resistance exercise together with sufficient amino acid (AA) availability has proved to be a counteractive implement. However, the

Stimulation of muscle anabolism by resistance exercise and ingestion of leucine plus protein.

The results indicate that the wheyprotein plus leucine in healthy young volunteers results in an anabolic response in muscle that is not greater than the previously reported response to whey protein alone.

Milk ingestion stimulates net muscle protein synthesis following resistance exercise.

Ingestion of milk following resistance exercise results in phenylalanine and threonine uptake, representative of net muscle protein synthesis, suggesting that whole milk may have increased utilization of available amino acids for protein synthesis.

Co-ingestion of carbohydrate and whey protein increases fasted rates of muscle protein synthesis immediately after resistance exercise in rats

Post-exercise CP supplementation increases MPS post exercise relative to PLA and possibly WP, which may have been mediated by greater activation of the mTOR signaling pathway.

Minimal whey protein with carbohydrate stimulates muscle protein synthesis following resistance exercise in trained young men.

It is concluded that a small dose of whey protein with carbohydrate (21 g) can stimulate a rise in MPS after resistance exercise in trained young men that would be supportive of a positive net protein balance, which, over time, would lead to hypertrophy.

Whey and casein labeled with L-[1-13C]leucine and muscle protein synthesis: effect of resistance exercise and protein ingestion.

Comparing muscle anabolic responses to a single bolus intake of whey or casein after performance of heavy resistance exercise results in an overall equal MPS response despite temporal differences in insulin and amino acid concentrations and 4E-BP1.

Native whey protein with high levels of leucine results in similar post-exercise muscular anabolic responses as regular whey protein: a randomized controlled trial

Despite higher-magnitude increases in blood leucine concentrations with native whey, it was not superior to WPC-80 concerning effect on muscle protein synthesis and phosphorylation of p70S6K during a 5-h post-exercise period.

Even effect of milk protein and carbohydrate intake but no further effect of heavy resistance exercise on myofibrillar protein synthesis in older men

Milk protein and carbohydrate supplementation stimulate myofibrillar protein synthesis in older men, with no further effect of heavy resistance exercise within 0–3 h post exercise.
...

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