Ingestion and defecation of dispersed oil droplets by pelagic tunicates

@inproceedings{Lee2012IngestionAD,
  title={Ingestion and defecation of dispersed oil droplets by pelagic tunicates},
  author={Richard Frank Lee and Marion K{\"o}ster and Gustav-A. Paffenh{\"o}fer},
  year={2012}
}
Subsurface plumes of small, stable dispersed oil droplets are a feature of oil spills treated with dispersants. The doliolid, Dolioletta gegenbauri Uljanin (Tunicata, Thaliacea), a zooplankton species abundant in the Gulf of Mexico, was observed to ingest dispersed oil droplets (1 – 30 mm in diameter), produced by vigorous mixing of a dispersant with crude oil. Oil droplets were first observed in the doliolid stomach, followed by appearance in the fecal pellets formed within the doliolid… CONTINUE READING

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