Ingenuity in Isolation: Poland in the International History of the Internet

@inproceedings{Leslie2014IngenuityII,
  title={Ingenuity in Isolation: Poland in the International History of the Internet},
  author={Christopher Leslie and Patrick Gryczka},
  booktitle={HCC},
  year={2014}
}
The popular understanding of the invention of the Internet is that it was the work of researchers in the United States working in relative isolation. However, the Internet is about connection, and so its success required the independently developed networks of the international community. By analyzing early network development in politically isolated Poland toward the end of the Cold War, one sees development concurrent to the development of the Internet but separated technologically through… 
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