Infrared readout electronics: a historical perspective

  title={Infrared readout electronics: a historical perspective},
  author={Mary J. Hewitt and John L. Vampola and Stephen Hugh Black and Carolyn J. Nielsen},
  booktitle={Defense, Security, and Sensing},
Santa Barbara Research Center, Hughes, and Hughes Technology Center have designed and built second generation readout circuits since the early 70's. This paper will discuss the evolution, problem areas, and system design drivers that drove the development of these circuits. The discussion will range from the earliest monolithic implementation of the readouts to the newer hybrid approaches which incorporate a high level of integration. Areas addressed will be the transition from NMOS or PMOS to… 
A new readout circuit for infrared imaging sensors
In this paper we designed a new CMOS readout circuit for high-resolution infrared focal plane array (FPA) applications. Substance of material in this circuit is MCT (Mercury Cadmium Telluride). In
Infrared FPA readout circuit based on current mirroring integration
This paper reports an improved Current Mirroring Integration (CMI) unit cell and a new readout structure based on it. The new structure combines the benefits of the current mirroring direct injection
A CMOS current mirroring integration readout structure for infrared focal plane arrays
  • H. Kulah, T. Akın
  • Engineering
    Proceedings of the 24th European Solid-State Circuits Conference
  • 1998
This paper reports a new, high performance CMOS readout structure, called Current Mirroring Integration (CMI), for high-resolution infrared Focal Plane Array (FPA) applications. Using the integration
High-resolution digital readout for uncooled smart IR focal plane arrays
This paper discusses the development of a high resolution digital readout from a 2D array of uncooled IR detectors. The need for a high resolution analogue to digital converter (ADC) is described and
A current mirroring integration based readout circuit for high performance infrared FPA applications
  • H. Kulah, T. Akın
  • Physics, Engineering
    IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. II Express Briefs
  • 2003
Reports a current mirroring integration (CMI) CMOS readout circuit for high-resolution infrared focal plane array (FPA) applications. The circuit uses a feedback structure with current mirrors to
A high performance CMOS readout integrated circuit for IRFPA
A high performance, 128×128 pixel, snapshot Readout Integrated Circuit (ROIC) for IRFPA has been fabricated with 0.5μm Double Poly Double Metal (DPDM) n-well CMOS process. The pixel cell circuit uses
CMOS RC-Oscillator Technique For Digital Read Out From An IR Bolometer Array
A novel concept to read out weak signals from an array of uncooled IR resistance bolometer detectors is presented. Each detector in the array is a part of an RC oscillator, designed in a 0.8 /spl
Characterization of SBRC-190: a multi-gain, cryogenic readout multiplexer for IR detector arrays
SBRC-190 readout multiplexer is a 1×32, multi-gain, capacitive transimpedance amplifier (CTIA) especially suitable for use with infrared detector arrays requiring low-bias levels--such as Ge:Ga far
High-Dynamic-Range ROIC With Asynchronous Self-Controlled Two-Gain Modes for MWIR Focal Plane Arrays
This paper proposes a new readout integrated circuit for high-dynamic-range mid-wavelength infrared (MWIR) focal plane arrays. The proposed readout circuit is characterized by asynchronous
Analysis of design principles of silicon multiplexer circuits for multielement infrared focal plane arrays
Design principles of silicon multiplexers for linear and matrix infrared (IR) focal plane arrays (FPAs) are considered. Silicon multiplexers intended for operation with multielement