Informed Consent—Uninformed Participants

@article{Perrault2016InformedCP,
  title={Informed Consent—Uninformed Participants},
  author={Evan K Perrault and Samantha Nazione},
  journal={Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics},
  year={2016},
  volume={11},
  pages={274 - 280}
}
As informed consent forms continue to lengthen, are these lengthening forms helping to create better informed participants? The aim of this research was to determine whether the length of consent forms affected reading frequency and comprehension, and to provide recommendations on how to improve consent forms in the social sciences so they are more likely to be read. A quasi-experiment was conducted using actual consent forms at two liberal arts schools, one requiring a long form (463 words, n… Expand
Uninformed Consent? The Effect of Participant Characteristics and Delivery Format on Informed Consent
Although many people choose to sign consent forms and participate in research, how many thoroughly read a consent form before signing it? Across 3 experiments using 348 undergraduate studentExpand
Participant Attentiveness to Consent Forms
In the present study, we tested to see if participants were attentive to details in the consent form for a psychological experiment before signing it. Our initial hypothesis was that participantsExpand
Concise Consent Forms Appreciated—Still Not Comprehended: Applying Revised Common Rule Guidelines in Online Studies
TLDR
This research developed a consent process for an online study that was only 71 words and also allowed participants a choice to either continue directly to the study or learn more about the study to which they were consenting. Expand
Some researchers wear yellow pants, but even fewer participants read consent forms: Exploring and improving consent form reading in human subjects research.
TLDR
This research inserted the phrase "some researchers wear yellow pants" into sections of the consent form and measured participants' reading of the form by testing their recall of the color yellow, suggesting that overall, participants sign consent forms that they have not read. Expand
Using Questions to Improve Informed Consent Form Reading Behavior in Students
Previous research shows that students often do not read informed consent forms to understand their rights (Pederson, Neighbors, Tidwell, & Lostutter, 2011). Four hundred fifty-eight studentsExpand
Facilitating Informed Permission/Assent/Consent in Pediatric Clinical Trials
TLDR
Examination of strategies that have been evaluated to facilitate informed PAC, drawing on experiences across a broad array of populations whose needs overlap with those of children, finds efforts that may reduce anxiety around, and increase the satisfaction of participants with, the PAC process. Expand
Assessing usefulness and researcher satisfaction with consent form templates
TLDR
Consent form templates may be one mechanism to improve patient comprehension of research protocols as well as efficiency of the review process, but require considerable time for development and implementation. Expand
Stakeholder Requirements for an Ethical Framework to Sustain Multiple Research Projects in an Emerging Living Lab Involving Older Adults
TLDR
Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 26 participants to understand multistakeholder experiences related to user engagement and related ethical issues in emerging LL research. Expand
The Fine Print: The Effect of Legal/Regulatory Language on Mail Survey Response
Many government-funded surveys are required to include regulatory language, including (in the United States) Paperwork Reduction Act and Privacy Act statements. However, little research has been doneExpand
Developing a food literacy definition for South Africa
Food literacy has been advocated by many recent researchers as an individual or society’s ability to better interact with their food and nutritional needs. These researchers maintain that currentExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 27 REFERENCES
The evolution of consent forms for research: a quarter century of changes.
TLDR
The informed consent process in the research context typically relies heavily on information provided to potential research participants in a written consent form, and there is good reason to believe that, as currently formulated, they are often far from ideal. Expand
Informed consent documents: increasing comprehension by reducing reading level.
TLDR
This research on informed consent comprehension was conducted as a result of questions raised by the Procter & Gamble IRB about the consent process, and found that over 77% of the 1526 consent forms evaluated had readability scores in the scholarly/academic or scientific/professional range. Expand
Consent form readability in university-sponsored research.
TLDR
Poor readability of consent forms probably occurs in all university-related research and it is recommended that IRBs require readability checks for research consent forms before researchers submit their proposals to an IRB. Expand
Comprehension and informed consent: assessing the effect of a short consent form.
TLDR
The study found that neither comprehension nor satisfaction was affected by the length or complexity of the consent form, however participants that were paid seemed to have a higher comprehension though more research is needed to further explain relationships among motivations payment and comprehension. Expand
How IRBs View and Make Decisions about Consent Forms
  • R. Klitzman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of empirical research on human research ethics : JERHRE
  • 2013
TLDR
Underlying tensions, ambiguities, and subjectivities in how IRBs view and make decisions about consent forms are suggested that have important implications for future policy, practice, education, and research. Expand
How Informed Is Online Informed Consent?
TLDR
It is concluded that obtaining informed consent online is not substantially different than obtaining it via paper presentation and suggestions for improving informed consent-in both face-to-face and online experiments are provided. Expand
Informed consent for research: a study to evaluate readability and processability to effect change.
TLDR
The descriptive data indicates that there were problems with the readability of the informed consent documents studied, and the prescriptive portion of this study provides researchers with information on specific areas where their forms need to be studied and rewritten. Expand
Proposing modesty for informed consent.
  • M. Burgess
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Social science & medicine
  • 2007
TLDR
The institutional role of informed consent and the goal of informed and voluntary research participation serve modest but important roles in health and social research. Expand
Assessing usefulness and researcher satisfaction with consent form templates
TLDR
Consent form templates may be one mechanism to improve patient comprehension of research protocols as well as efficiency of the review process, but require considerable time for development and implementation. Expand
Improving readability of consent forms: what the computers may not tell you.
TLDR
The principal investigator has a fiduciary responsibility to insure that the prospective subject fully understands the risks and requirements associated with participation in the study. Expand
...
1
2
3
...