Information as thing

@article{Buckland1991InformationAT,
  title={Information as thing},
  author={Michael K. Buckland},
  journal={J. Am. Soc. Inf. Sci.},
  year={1991},
  volume={42},
  pages={351-360}
}
  • M. Buckland
  • Published 1 June 1991
  • Computer Science
  • J. Am. Soc. Inf. Sci.
Three meanings of “information” are distinguished: “Information‐as‐process”; “information‐as‐knowledge”; and “information‐as‐thing,” the attributive use of “information” to denote things regarded as informative. The nature and characteristics of “information‐as‐thing” are discussed, using an indirect approach (“What things are informative?”). Varieties of “information‐as‐thing” include data, text, documents, objects, and events. On this view “information” includes but extends beyond… 

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