Information and information systems

  title={Information and information systems},
  author={Michael K. Buckland},
From the Publisher: Buckland offers an examination of information systems that is comparative rather than narrowly technical in approach. Using explicitly defined terms, he interprets the nature of retrieval-based information systems such as archives, libraries, databases, and museums, and their relationships to their social context. Since the primary focus of the work is on unusual examples of information systems, the discussion yields interesting and thoughtful conclusions on the nature of… 
Documents, memory institutions and information science
This paper investigates the problem of the labelling of the library, documentation and information field with particular emphasis on the terms ‘information’ and ‘document’, and advocates an approach with emphasis on documents and on the concept ‘memory institutions’ as generic terms for the central object of study.
Information Systems Conceptual Foundations: Looking Backward and Forward
  • G. Davis
  • Computer Science
    Organizational and Social Perspectives on IT
  • 2000
The academic field of information systems has developed because organizations use a specialized body of knowledge about information and communications systems to support these organization needs.
Library and Information Science: Its Content and Scope
A thoughtful and eminently readable history of the changing definitions of the field of library/information science is provided, a working definition of the broader frame of information science as a field of research is given, and orientation strategies for the future are suggested.
What kind of science can information science be?
If information science is concerned with what people know, then it is a form of cultural engagement, and at most, a science of the artificial.
Some Schemes for Restructuring and Mobilising Information in Documents: A Historical Perspective
Information, knowledge, and networked minds
It is suggested that considering humans as scaffolding minds and applying tools in such a way that human cognitive and social capabilities are supported in the knowledge management domain will help overcome limitations in the information management domain.
Books and bytes: preserving documents for posterity
Information retrieval used to depend on the existence of “documents,” traditionally defined in library and information work as combinations of an information content and a supporting physical
Information Discovery in Ambiguous Zones of Research
The proposed electronic environment consists of flexible networks of connections between information of different granularity, which contributes to the development and informational value of the system.
Theory and metatheory of information science: a new interpretation
This paper analyses the theoretical and the epistemological assumptions of information science and shows limitations in the dominant approaches and proposes alternative viewpoints.
Dilemmas in information science (IS) and information retrieval (IR): Recurring challenges or new solutions?
The extent to which understanding information science and information retrieval as disciplines characterised by intractable dilemmas is a useful conceptual framework is analyzed through reviewing and re‐evaluating an important contribution to the field in light of more recent developments is analyzed.