Information Dissemination, Competitive Pressure, and Politician Performance between Elections: A Field Experiment in Uganda

  title={Information Dissemination, Competitive Pressure, and Politician Performance between Elections: A Field Experiment in Uganda},
  author={Guy Grossman and Kristin Michelitch},
  journal={American Political Science Review},
  pages={280 - 301}
Politicians shirk when their performance is obscure to constituents. We theorize that when politician performance information is disseminated early in the electoral term, politicians will subsequently improve their performance in anticipation of changes in citizens’ evaluative criteria and possible challenger entry in the next election. However, politicians may only respond in constituencies where opposition has previously mounted. We test these predictions in partnership with a Ugandan civil… 
Transparency, Elections, and Pakistani Politicians’ Tax Compliance
A growing literature on political accountability focuses on the extent to which voters electorally punish politicians when provided with credible negative information about politicians’ actions.
Do Fairer Elections Increase the Responsiveness of Politicians?
Leveraging novel experimental designs and 2,160 months of Constituency Development Fund (CDF) spending by legislators in Ghana, I examine whether and how fairer elections promote democratic
Fault Lines: The Effects of Bureaucratic Power on Electoral Accountability
This paper introduces a new explanation for why citizens may fail to vote based on government performance. We argue that when politicians have limited capacity to control bureaucrats, citizens will
'Good Politicians': Experimental Evidence on Motivations for Political Candidacy and Government Performance
How can we motivate "good" politicians — those that will carry out policy that is responsive to citizens' preferences — to enter politics? In a field experiment in Pakistan, we vary how political
Closing the Gap: Information and Mass Support in a Dominant Party Regime
What role does information play in shaping mass support in dominant party settings? We conduct a field experiment during the 2016 Ugandan parliamentary elections that provides voters with information
Campaign Finance Transparency Affects Legislators’ Election Outcomes and Behavior
Do audits by executive agencies impact the behavior of those audited? Does revealing negative information about legislators affect electoral results and behavior? Institutions that encourage
Public Information is an Incentive for Politicians: Experimental Evidence from Delhi Elections
In 2010, we informed a random set of Delhi councilors, some ineligible for re-election in their current ward, that a newspaper would report on their performance shortly prior to the 2012 city
The Effect of Election Proximity on Government Responsiveness and Citizens’ Participation: Evidence From English Local Elections
Does political engagement depend on government responsiveness? Identifying the drivers of political action is challenging because it requires disentangling instrumental from expressive motives for
Able and Mostly Willing: An Empirical Anatomy of Information's Effect on Voter‐Driven Accountability in Senegal
Political accountability may be constrained by the reach and relevance of information campaigns in developing democracies and—upon receiving information—voters’ ability and will to hold politicians
SMS texts on corruption help Ugandan voters hold elected councillors accountable at the polls
The results indicate that communication technologies can combine with data on budget management to help voters make better informed choices at the polls and thus have the potential to enhance local electoral accountability by providing information that is difficult for politicians to control and manipulate.


Breaking the Clientelistic Voting Equilibrium: The Joint Importance of Salience and Coordination
Scholars argue that access to information about a politician’s programmatic performance helps voters reward (punish) good (poor) performers. But in clientelistic democracies, where resources are made
DEBATES: Voter and Political Response to Political Communication in Sierra Leone
Candidate debates have a rich history, offer a unique communication forum, and have become integral to contemporary campaign strategy. There is, however, no definitive evidence of whether they affect
Electoral Competition, Participation, and Government Responsiveness in Mexico
In this article I test two competing visions about how democracy produces responsive government. Electoral theories of democracy posit that elected governments are responsive to public demands
Policing politicians: Citizen empowerment and political accountability in Uganda -Preliminary analysis (IGC Working Paper)
We use a simple model of political accountability to derive a set of hypotheses linking access to information to political behavior and provide results from a multi-level eld experiment designed to
Does Corruption Information Inspire the Fight or Quash the Hope? A Field Experiment in Mexico on Voter Turnout, Choice, and Party Identification
Retrospective voting models assume that offering more information to voters about their incumbents’ performance strengthens electoral accountability. However, it is unclear whether incumbent
Learning to Love Democracy: Electoral Accountability and the Success of Democracy
This article explains why dissatisfaction with the performance of individual politicians in new democracies often turns into disillusionment with democracy as a political system. The demands on
Exposing Corrupt Politicians: The Effects of Brazil's Publicly Released Audits on Electoral Outcomes
This paper examines the extent to which access to information enhances political accountability. Based upon the results of Brazil’s recent anti-corruption program that randomly audits municipal
Greater Expectations: A Field Experiment to Improve Accountability in Mali
I argue that if citizens systematically underestimate what their government can and should do for them, then they will hold politicians to a lower standard and sanction poor performers less often. A
Attribution and Accountability: Voting for Roads in Ghana
Do voters in Africa use elections to hold governments accountable for their performance in office? In contexts of limited information and weak state capacity, it can be difficult for citizens to
What Wins Votes: Why Some Politicians Opt Out of Clientelism
In a context where clientelism is widespread, why do some politicians choose not to condition the delivery of goods and services to citizens on individual political behavior? I argue that the answer