Information Delivery and the Sensory Evoked Potential

  title={Information Delivery and the Sensory Evoked Potential},
  author={Samuel Sutton and Patricia A. Tueting and Joseph Zubin and E. Roy John},
  pages={1436 - 1439}
The waveform of evoked responses recorded from human scalp is not determined solely by the physical eliciting stimulus, but also varies as a function of the effective information provided by the stimulus. There is a positive component whose latency is determined by the point in time at which ambiguity is reduced, and whose shape and amplitude are influenced by whether it is the presence or absence of an external event which delivers the information. 
The Endogenous Evoked Potentials
This paper reviews some “endogenous” potentials that can be recorded from the human scalp in relation to the processing of sensory stimuli into behavioral responses. Twenty years ago, Sutton et al.Expand
Visual evoked and emitted potentials and stimulus significance
Sutton et al (1967) found that an emitted potential would occur in the absence of an auditory stimulus when the absence provided significant information. This result is extended to visual stimuli andExpand
Average evoked potentials and uncertainty resolution
Two Ss were presented with a series of near threshold flashes of light and instructed to report for each flash in which of eight different positions it appeared, and the degree to which they wereExpand
Endogenous late positive component of the evoked potential in cats corresponding to P300 in humans.
A long-latency component of the averaged evoked potential recorded from cats was present only when the evoking stimulus was relevant to the task and was independent of stimulus modality. Expand
Evoked Potential Correlates of Auditory Signal Detection
A long-latency comnponent of the averaged evoked potential recorded from the human scalp varied in close relationship with subjects' perceptual reports in an auditory signal detection task. DetectedExpand
Evoked responses as a function of external and stored information.
During the periodic presentation of vibratory stimuli at rates faster than 1 stim/10 sec the amplitude of the cortical evoked response of man decreases as a function of time, and this effective information might result from a comparison between information concerning stimulus parameters stored by the CNS and the actual incoming event. Expand
The contingent negative variation and the late positive wave of the average evoked potential.
The data indicate that when conditions are appropriate, both the CNV and P300 can be obtained in the same experimental situation, and their relationship should be further elucidated. Expand
Knowledge of stimulus timing attenuates human evoked cortical potentials.
The cognitive act of knowing when auditory stimuli will occur attenuates the amplitude and facilitates the poststimulus timing of cortical evoked potentials. Expand
Averaged Evoked Responses in Vigilance and Discrimination: A Reassessment
The data suggest that the late positive component represents cerebral processes associated with evaluation of unpredictable changes in stimulation in the context of vigilance tasks. Expand
Human auditory evoked potentials. II. Effects of attention.
Evidence shows that human auditory attention is not mediated by a peripheral gating mechanism and that attention directed toward auditory stimuli causes a substantial increase in the N1 and P2 components of the auditory evoked potential without any change in preceding components. Expand


Evoked-Potential Correlates of Stimulus Uncertainty
The average evoked-potential waveforms to sound and light stimuli recorded from scalp in awake human subjects show differences as a function of the subject's degree of uncertainty with respect to theExpand
Enhancement of Evoked Cortical Potentials in Humans Related to a Task Requiring a Decision
The averaged, slow response evoked by auditory stimuli and recorded from the vertex of the human skull can usually be enhanced by requiring the listener to make a rather difficult auditoryExpand
Attention, Vigilance, and Cortical Evoked-Potentials in Humans
Computer-averaged potentials evoked from the cortex were recorded to nonsignal stimuli and to randomly interspersed signal stimuli requiring detection and response during prolonged visual vigilance.Expand
The study of potentials evoked at cortical sites in response to stimulation of deep brain regions has contributed to the understanding of cortical-subcortical relations. Expand
Evoked cortical response enhancement and attention in man. A study of responses to auditory and shock stimuli.
  • J. Satterfield
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Electroencephalography and clinical neurophysiology
  • 1965
There was no consistent relationship between the subjects' success in detecting stimulus changes in the click stimulus and the degree of enhancement of the evoked response amplitude with attention and the level of augmentation of the average peripheral nerve response. Expand
Conative control of the contingent negative variation.
Abstract Experiments are described in which experimenter-subjects were able to control the amplitude of the contingent negative variation “at will”. It is urged that any investigations of theExpand
International Colloquiuim on Mechanisms of Orienting Reaction in Man (Smolenici and Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, in press). For findings in cat, see
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  • 1959
The use of the word "significance" is an attempt to summarize the underlying relationship between a variety of complex psychological factors which influence the evoked potential
  • First International Congress of Neurological Sciences
  • 1957