Information Delivery and the Sensory Evoked Potential

@article{Sutton1967InformationDA,
  title={Information Delivery and the Sensory Evoked Potential},
  author={Samuel Sutton and Patricia A. Tueting and Joseph Zubin and E. Roy John},
  journal={Science},
  year={1967},
  volume={155},
  pages={1436 - 1439}
}
The waveform of evoked responses recorded from human scalp is not determined solely by the physical eliciting stimulus, but also varies as a function of the effective information provided by the stimulus. There is a positive component whose latency is determined by the point in time at which ambiguity is reduced, and whose shape and amplitude are influenced by whether it is the presence or absence of an external event which delivers the information. 
The Endogenous Evoked Potentials
This paper reviews some “endogenous” potentials that can be recorded from the human scalp in relation to the processing of sensory stimuli into behavioral responses. Twenty years ago, Sutton et al.Expand
Visual evoked and emitted potentials and stimulus significance
Sutton et al (1967) found that an emitted potential would occur in the absence of an auditory stimulus when the absence provided significant information. This result is extended to visual stimuli andExpand
Average evoked potentials and uncertainty resolution
Two Ss were presented with a series of near threshold flashes of light and instructed to report for each flash in which of eight different positions it appeared, and the degree to which they wereExpand
Endogenous late positive component of the evoked potential in cats corresponding to P300 in humans.
TLDR
A long-latency component of the averaged evoked potential recorded from cats was present only when the evoking stimulus was relevant to the task and was independent of stimulus modality. Expand
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TLDR
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The contingent negative variation and the late positive wave of the average evoked potential.
TLDR
The data indicate that when conditions are appropriate, both the CNV and P300 can be obtained in the same experimental situation, and their relationship should be further elucidated. Expand
Knowledge of stimulus timing attenuates human evoked cortical potentials.
TLDR
The cognitive act of knowing when auditory stimuli will occur attenuates the amplitude and facilitates the poststimulus timing of cortical evoked potentials. Expand
Averaged Evoked Responses in Vigilance and Discrimination: A Reassessment
TLDR
The data suggest that the late positive component represents cerebral processes associated with evaluation of unpredictable changes in stimulation in the context of vigilance tasks. Expand
Human auditory evoked potentials. II. Effects of attention.
TLDR
Evidence shows that human auditory attention is not mediated by a peripheral gating mechanism and that attention directed toward auditory stimuli causes a substantial increase in the N1 and P2 components of the auditory evoked potential without any change in preceding components. Expand
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