• Corpus ID: 18161500

Information, affordances, and the control of action in sport.

  title={Information, affordances, and the control of action in sport.},
  author={Brett R. Fajen and Michael A. Riley and Michael T. Turvey},
  journal={International Journal of Sport Psychology},
The theory of affordances, a conceptual pillar of the ecological approach to perception and action, has the potential to become a guiding principle for research on perception and action in sport. Affordances are opportunities for action. They describe the environment in terms of behaviors that are possible at a given moment under a given set of conditions. Affordances capture the tight coupling between perception and action, and allow for the prospective and moment-to-moment control of activity… 
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Remembered affordances reflect the fundamentally action-relevant, context-specific nature of visual perception.
The remembered-affordance paradigm was used to evaluate the claim that affordances are perceived directly and also with embodied and functional approaches to memory, which suggest that the environment is experienced in task-specific and action-relevant terms.
Discovering your inner Gibson: Reconciling action-specific and ecological approaches to perception–action
It is argued that perception is based on the controlled detection of the information available in a global array that includes higher-order patterns defined across interoceptive and exteroceptive stimulus arrays, which is consistent with the ecological claims that perception of the environment is direct and animal-specific.
An examination of the visual exploratory actions of association football players
Successful performance in association football (soccer) is determined by the interaction between the technical, tactical and physical components of match-play. While each of these factors have
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Only basketball players improved at perceiving an action-scaled affordance (maximum reach-with-jump), but not body-scaling affordances (maximum standing-reach and sit) with exposure to kinematic information, suggesting that action- scaled affordances may be specified by kinematics to which athletes are already attuned by virtue of their sport experience.
Cognition and action: an ecological perspective in sport.
The ecological approach that has come to be used in recent years to frame the learning and performance of sports skills, contrasts with the explanatory models of motor control that traditionally
Ecological cognition: expert decision-making behaviour in sport
ABSTRACT Expert decision-making can be directly assessed, if sport action is understood as an expression of embedded and embodied cognition. Here, we discuss evidence for this claim, starting with a
The design of learning environments rich in affordances, multimodal inputs both with stabilizing objective and aimed at the exploration of movement and the demand for new auto-organizations, promoted in the learners greater control and balance management during the ability of walking backwards.
Exploring to learn and learning to explore
It is proposed that a dynamic view of exploratory behavior would reveal how individuals develop exploratory activity that generates information about the fit between environmental properties and action capabilities.
Doggone affordances: Canine perception of affordances for reaching
The heights at which dogs chose to transition from reaching with the head only to rearing are investigated and suggest that perception of affordances is supported by detection of lawfully structured stimulation patterns that may be invariant across species.


Affordance-Based Control of Visually Guided Action
Comparison and contrast existing theoretical approaches to understanding the visual guidance of action are compared and a new approach, affordance-based control, is introduced, which asserts that a primary function of vision is to allow actors to see the world in terms of what they can and cannot do.
Visual guidance of walking through apertures: body-scaled information for affordances.
  • W. H. Warren, S. Whang
  • Biology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance
  • 1987
This study videotaped large and small subjects walking through apertures to determine empirically the critical aperture-to-shoulder-width ratio (A/S) marking the transition from frontal walking to body rotation and tested the hypothesis that perceptual judgments of "passability" are based on intrinsic or body-scaled information specifying aperture width as a ratio of the observer's eyeheight.
Visual guidance of passing under a barrier
The theory of affordances proposes that organisms control their actions according to the fit between the organism and the environment. This study set out to examine the proposal that actions are
Contrasting Approaches to Perceiving and Acting With Others
How and why the presence of a person directly affects the perception and action of another person is a phenomenon that has been approached in a limited and piecemeal fashion within psychology. This
Eyeheight-scaled information about affordances: a study of sitting and stair climbing.
  • L. S. Mark
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance
  • 1987
Evidence is provided that judgments of critical action boundaries are based on an existing source of size and distance information that is already scaled with reference to the actor's eyeheight, which has implications for understanding how observers obtain information about their specific action boundary.
Postural dynamics and the preferred critical boundary for visually guided reaching.
In 3 experiments the action modes used by actors to reach for a block placed at various distances from them were observed, and the results are consistent with the proposal that the preferred critical boundary reflects the relative comfort of available modes of reaching.
Affordances as Properties of the Animal-Environment System
In this article, I argue that affordances are properties of the animal-environment system, that is, that they are emergent properties that do not inhere in either the environment or the animal. I
Multiple information sources in interceptive timing
Travel Broadens the Mind.
It is concluded that, in infancy, the onset of locomotor experience brings about widespread consequences, and after infancy, can be responsible for an enduring role in development by maintaining and updating existing skills.