Information, Meaning, and Intellectual Organization in Networks of Inter-Human Communication

  title={Information, Meaning, and Intellectual Organization in Networks of Inter-Human Communication},
  author={Loet Leydesdorff},
The Shannon-Weaver model of linear information transmission is extended with two loops potentially generating redundancies: (i) meaning is provided locally to the information from the perspective of hindsight, and (ii) meanings can be codified differently and then refer to other horizons of meaning. Thus, three layers are distinguished: variations in the communications, historical organization at each moment of time, and evolutionary self-organization of the codes of communication over time… 
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