Informality, Ethnicity and Productivity: Evidence from Small Manufacturers in Kenya

  • Arne Bigsten, Peter Kimuyu, +7 authors Willem Naude
  • Published 2000


A rapidly increasing share of firms in Kenya consists of not only small but also informal establishments. This paper investigates the role of ethnicity and other factors in the choice of formality status at start-up. Differences in productivity, investment and growth across the formality and ethnicity divide are also investigated. The results show that… (More)


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