From Level of Aspiration to Cognitive Dissonance, or, What the Middle Class Worries About
Social psychological theory has to a large extent been the psycho logy of the 'social' and not the sociological explaination of psycho logical phenomena and processes. In this article we attempt an…
A history of attitudes and persuasion research
For the most part, the history of the field of attitudes and persuasion parallels the history of social psychology itself. There are at least two reasons for this. First, the attitude concept was a…
What can Examining the Psychology of Nationalism Tell Us About Our Prospects for Aiming at the Cosmopolitan Vision?
Opponents of cosmopolitanism often dismiss the position on the grounds that cosmopolitan proposals are completely unrealistic and that they fly in the face of our human nature. We have deep…
A Theory of Social Comparison Processes
Hypothesis I: There exists, in the human organism, a drive to evaluate his opinions and his abilities. While opinions and abilities may, at first glance, seem to be quite different things, there is a…
Role Theory and Diminishing Utility in Group Problem Solving
Balance theory is basically a psychological theory concerning attitude or opinion formation. As such, we have no quarrel with it, but it has been applied to and tested within a group problem-solving…
Need for certainty as a psychological nexus for individuals and society.
ness Due to the freezing tendency of individuals high in the need for closure, they have a preference for mental representations that are general and abstract, thus affording closure that is…
Explaining the nature of power: a three-process theory
- Political Science
Power is an inescapable feature of human social life and structure. This paper addresses the nature of power. The standard theory is that power is the capacity for influence and that influence is…
People Who Need People (and Some Who Think They Don't): On Compensatory Personal and Social Means of Goal Pursuit
- PsychologyPsychological Inquiry
Abstract We propose a new theoretical model depicting the compensatory relations between personal agency and social assistance. It suggests two general hypotheses, namely that (1) the stronger the…
European Bulletin of Social Psychology
This book departs from a detailed account of the structure of common sense. In contrasting everyday thinking with scientific and strict logical thinking it is argued that common sense is rational in…
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- Psychology, MedicineJournal of abnormal psychology
Social pressures in informal groups : a study of human factors in housing / by Leon Festinger, Stanley Schachter and Kurt Back
- Political Science, Sociology
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