Influences of leaf-mining insects on their host plants: A review

  title={Influences of leaf-mining insects on their host plants: A review},
  author={W. H. Liu and X. Dai and J. S. Xu},
  journal={Collectanea Botanica},
Leaf-mining insects are an herbivore group whose larvae live and feed inside plant leaves. Leaf mines are distinct marks on leaves and can provide much information on insect-plant relationships. Most leaf miners are monophagous or oligophagous. Therefore ecologists and paleontologists use them to study interactions and coevolution among plants, insects and natural enemies. There are many different types of leaf-mining patterns on plant leaves, which may have different impacts on host plants… Expand
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