Influence of water exercise and land stretching on salivary cortisol concentrations and anxiety in chronic low back pain patients.


Land stretching exercises are common exercise therapy for low back pain (LBP) patients. However, recently, water exercise became a popular rehabilitation for LBP patients, and many studies have reported the physical benefits of water exercise. This study compared the psychological and endocrinological effects of water exercise and land stretching by… (More)

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