Influence of three synthetic membranes on the release of caffeine from concentrated W/O emulsions.


We measured the release rate characteristics of caffeine from concentrated emulsions using three different sources of synthetic membranes. The formulations tested included, on the one hand, two stable cosmetic concentrated W/O emulsions (90% w/w) - one with a non ionic surfactant and one with a silicone surfactant - and on the other hand, a commercially available hydroalcoholic gel. All formulations contained 5% caffeine. In vitro diffusion measurements (24 h) were performed with static diffusion Franz cells. A silicone membrane could not allow us to differentiate the two concentrated emulsions (CE), but the two other membranes, not rate limiting, showed difference in the release profile of caffeine from the two CE. Results with the cellulose and polysulfone membrane showed that in vitro release of caffeine is influenced by the nature of the emulsifier in the concentrated emulsion, the non ionic surfactant being more efficient than the silicone surfactant. The polysulfone membrane was the only one that allows statistical differentiation of the three products. For further studies the polysulfone membrane will be use to make screening on concentrated emulsions.

Cite this paper

@article{Clment2000InfluenceOT, title={Influence of three synthetic membranes on the release of caffeine from concentrated W/O emulsions.}, author={Priscile Cl{\'e}ment and C{\'e}cile Laugel and J-P Marty}, journal={Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society}, year={2000}, volume={66 2-3}, pages={243-54} }