AIM To evaluate the influence of radiation on root canal sealer push-out bond strength to dentine and sealer/dentine interface in teeth filled with AH Plus (Dentsply Ind. Com. Ltda, Petrópolis, RJ, Brazil) and MTA Fillapex (Angelus Ind. Prod. Odontológicos S/A, Londrina, PR, Brazil). METHODOLOGY Thirty-two maxillary canines were selected and randomly assigned to 2 groups (n = 16): one group was not irradiated, and the other was subjected to a cumulative radiation dose of 60 Gy. Root canals were prepared with the Reciproc system (VDW GmbH, Munich, Germany), and each group was divided into 2 subgroups (n = 8) according to the sealer - AH Plus or MTA Fillapex - using the single-cone filling technique. Then, 1-mm-thick dentine slices were obtained from each root third for the push-out test to evaluate sealer bond strength to dentine and for scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to examine the sealer/dentine interface. Failure mode after debonding was determined with a stereomicroscope at ×25 magnification. Bond strength data were analysed by two-way anova with a split-plot design and post hoc Tukey's test (α = 0.05). RESULTS Significantly lower bond strength (P < 0.0001) was obtained after irradiation (0.71 ± 0.20 versus 0.97 ± 0.29 MPa) and in specimens filled with MTA Fillapex (0.70 ± 0.18 MPa) compared with AH Plus (1.00 ± 0.27 MPa). Percentage of adhesive failures increased after radiation in all root thirds in the teeth filled with AH Plus. SEM revealed more gap-containing regions and fewer tags at the sealer/dentine interface in irradiated specimens, with more tag formation and fewer gaps with AH Plus sealer. CONCLUSIONS Radiation was associated with a decrease in the push-out bond strength of sealers to intraradicular dentine and formation of more gaps and fewer tags at the sealer/dentine interface regardless of the sealer.